By Marc Romanych, Martin Rupp, Henry Morshead
Within the early days of global conflict I, Germany unveiled a brand new weapon – the cellular 42cm (16.5 inch) M-Gerät howitzer. on the time, it was once the biggest artillery piece of its type on the earth and a heavily guarded mystery. whilst warfare broke out, of the howitzers have been rushed at once from the manufacturing facility to Liege the place they quick destroyed forts and forced the fort to give up. After repeat performances at Namur, Maubeuge and Antwerp, German infantrymen christened the howitzers ‘Grosse’ or ‘Dicke Berta’ (Fat or tremendous Bertha) after Bertha von Krupp, proprietor of the Krupp armament works that equipped the howitzers. The nickname was once quickly picked up via German press which triumphed the 42cm howitzers as Wunderwaffe (wonder weapons), and the legend of massive Bertha was once born. This ebook info the layout and improvement of German siege weapons prior to and through international warfare I. Accompanying the textual content are many infrequent, never-before-published images of ‘Big Bertha’ and the opposite German siege weapons. color illustrations depict crucial facets of the German siege artillery.
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Extra info for 42cm 'Big Bertha' and German Siege Artillery of WWI
After the fall of Wavre-Sainte-Catherine, KMK Battery 2 shifted fire to reinforce the four Skoda mortars bombarding Fort Koningshooikt, which capitulated in less than a day. On October 2, the fifth day of bombardment, three more forts fell – Waelhem and Koningshooikt Dummy Gamma howitzer built to deceive Serbian artillery observers during the shelling of the Semendria fortress in October 1915. As the war progressed, survivability of the siege guns became a great concern to the siege artillery batteries.
Com Two M-Gerät barrel wagons and a carriage wagon in the possession of the US Army at Spincourt. Like most latewar German artillery, the equipment is painted in a “dapple” camouflage pattern. (NARA) 45 By early 1918, two batteries – KMK Batteries 8 and 10 – were each equipped with two Beta-M-Gerät howitzers. However, soon after fielding, the guns proved ineffective, with three of the four howitzers suffering barrel bursts because the ammunition was not suited to the high velocity needed for high-angle fire.
Please support our continuing book publishing programme by using this e-book responsibly. Every effort has been made by the Publisher to secure permissions to use the images in this publication. If there has been any oversight we would be happy to rectify the situation and written submission should be made to Osprey Publishing.