By Morton S. Freeman
Do you approve of censoring the works of significant writers? a few may possibly contend that to bowdlerize an exceptional writer's paintings will be to decrease its total caliber. Others, like Thomas Bowdler, whose eraser danced over each Shakespeare play, may argue that each one modest humans may be in a position to learn a superb paintings with no blushing. For attacking the classics, Mr. Bowdler has been immortalized because the world's best-known, self-appointed literary censor. and thanks to his efforts the time period bowdlerize has turn into eponymous together with his identify. on the other hand, the be aware bikini--defined as a two-piece bathing go well with for women--has been a linguistic secret considering that 1947 whilst those fits have been first obvious at the shorelines of the French Riviera, a yr after the USA started checking out atom bombs at the Bikini atoll of the Marshall Islands. a few stunned humans acknowledged that the impression of the scanty go well with on male seashore loungers was once just like the devastating impression of the atomic bomb. Whoosh! an easier and extra credible idea is that the bold swimsuits resembled the apparel worn via girls at the Bikini atoll. Created a couple of century in the past, the time period eponym is itself a coinage from Greek phrases, epi, "on" or "upon," and onama, "a name." yet its broadened which means, as dictionaries set it out, refers to a note derived from a formal identify. for example, Salisbury steak--a well known diner menu merchandise made out of universal hamburger and dressed up with brown gravy to make it extra appealing--is named for James H. Salisbury, an English health professional who promoted a nutrition of flooring red meat. A Dictionary of Eponyms explores the origins of 1000s of those daily phrases from Argyle socks to zeppelins. Written in an pleasing and anecdotal variety, and with a foreword by means of Edwin Newman, the publication features a short biography of the person whose identify turned linked to an merchandise or suggestion in addition to info on how and whilst the identify entered the language.If you have ever questioned simply the place phrases like cardigan sweater, pamphlet, and robotic come from, Morton Freeman does greater than easily outline them--he brings them to existence.
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Extra info for A New Dictionary of Eponyms (Oxford Paperback Reference)
Yet for centuries it enjoyed credentials that made it, in one form or another, a commonplace word in the English language. With time, however, it degenerated into slang, so much so that in the sixteenth century it was regarded as thieves' cant. Its level of acceptance has risen since then, but not enough to enter literary circles. Those who believe that booze is an eponym for E. G. Booz, a Philadelphia distiller who purveyed whiskey in a bottle bearing his name and shaped like a log cabin, are behind the times.
Perrault's Contes du Temps contains "Sleeping Beauty," "Red Riding Hood," "Puss in Boots," and other famous fairy tales collected from various sources. BUJESTOGKINGS The expression bluestocking took root in the mid-eighteenth century after a botanist and sometime poet, Benjamin Stillingfleet, wore blue silk stockings when attending a gathering of women who had decided to forgo card playing for literary pursuits and invite learned such as Samuel Johnson, Horace Walpole, and David Garrick to lecture before them.
The garment stirred a hubbub, with sides taking strong viewpoints. Some ministers forbade their congregations to wear bloomers in church. 31 One cited Deuteronomy 22:5 to show that women are forbidden to wear men's clothing. " BLUEBEARD The eponym Bluebeard, a noun meaning "a man who successively marries and murders several wives" is the main character in Charles Perrault's story Barbe Bleue, published in Contes du Temps (1697). The adjective bluebeard means "not to enter or be explored," as in the bluebeard room in the house.