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By W. Sidney Allen

In Vox Latina and Vox Graeca Professor Allen was once involved essentially with the pronunciation of the person vowels and consonants of classical Latin and Greek. during this significant paintings he analyses extensive and intimately all of the prosodic good points of those languages: size of vowels and volume of syllables, accessory, pitch, pressure and 'rhythm', with precise consciousness to their manifestations in verse. the outline and clarification of such beneficial properties elevate theoretical difficulties of very basic significance and Professor Allen devotes the 1st a part of the booklet to the institution of the phonetic rules required as a body of reference for the explicit discussions of Latin and Greek. Parallels are mentioned from a few different languages, together with English. it is a booklet of everlasting value for college students of classical languages and literatures and in addition for metricians, phoneticians and basic linguists.

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Extra resources for Accent and Rhythm: Prosodic Features of Latin and Greek: A Study in Theory and Reconstruction

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Iizdiml'ritxd], which I have found to be interpreted (by mostly English-speaking hearers) as containing either five or six syllables. A ll are agreed on the five phonetic 1 Cf. Bell 1970a, 30. 2 As in fact implied in Emeneau’s description of the language (1944, 16). g. /kriët/ ‘ Christ’ (also /kirict/), /pruup/ ‘ proof’ (also /purp/). 3 A 1956, 170 ff. 4 Cf. , 104 ff. on the closely related Kabardian. 5 A 1956, 141 f. The Syllable; Vowels and Consonants 37 peaks represented by [i], [ii], [1], [1], [1] respectively.

For some languages Hockett (1:955, 57 f·)1 recognizes the possibility o f ‘ onset-type’ syllables, in which the consonantal onset is the only essential feature ; such a language is Bella Coola (of British Columbia), in which, on this basis, a word such as sk’lxlxc ‘ I ’m getting cold ’ is syllabified phonologically as /s. k ’l . x l . x . e. five syllables. e. W . 4 But phonetically, in the case of the K ota example (as Hockett points out), any full consonant before another full consonant ‘ is followed b y “ loose transition” to the next, producing a murmur vowel, an aspiration, or the like; phonetically, but not phonologically, this may be taken as a syllable peak’.

2 A Γ953 > 27 f· Since Sanskrit (like some modern Slavonic languages, for example) also had ‘ nuclear’ r and J, the ‘ liquid’ consonants r and I are similarly classed as ‘intermediate’ by the native grammarians. 2. The Syllable; Vowels and Consonants 35 described by the same procedure but which are used differently in phonemic systems as syllables in contrast to non-syllabics are given different sym bols’ (the j and w of the International Phonetic Alphabet are an obvious case in point). e. as ‘ nuclear’ vs ‘ marginal’ .

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