Download Air Pollution and Global Warming: History, Science, and by Professor Mark Z. Jacobson PDF

By Professor Mark Z. Jacobson

This re-creation of Mark Jacobson's textbook offers a accomplished creation to the background and technology of the key pollution and weather difficulties that face the area at the present time, in addition to the strength and coverage recommendations to these difficulties. each bankruptcy has been introduced thoroughly updated with new facts, figures, and textual content. there's a new extra bankruptcy on large-scale options to weather and pollution difficulties. Many extra colour photos and diagrams and lots of extra examples and homework difficulties were additional. this can be an amazing introductory textbook on pollution for college students taking classes in atmospheric chemistry and physics, meteorology, environmental technological know-how, Earth technological know-how, civil and environmental engineering, chemistry, environmental legislations and politics, and town making plans and legislation. it's going to additionally shape a helpful reference textual content for researchers, and an advent to the topic for normal audiences.

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Extra info for Air Pollution and Global Warming: History, Science, and Solutions

Example text

Its name was modified to “nator” by the Hebrews, “nitron” by the Greeks, and “natrum” in the fifteenth century. Today, its mineral name is natrite. For centuries, it has been used as an ingredient in soaps. Some chemical industry names for it have been washing soda, soda ash, and salt cake. The manufacture of sodium carbonate for use in soaps resulted in acid deposition problems in England and France in the nineteenth century (Chapter 10). In the air, sodium carbonate is present in soil dust particles.

11), a German chemist who in 1597 wrote one of the first organized textbooks on chemistry, Alchemia, found that sulfuric acid, referred to at the time as “oil of vitriol,” could also be extracted from “green vitriol“ (ferrous sulfate, FeSO4 –7H2 O(s), a blue-green natural crystal) and obtained by burning elemental sulfur with saltpeter [KNO3 (s)] in the presence of liquid water. 11. Andreas Libavius (1540–1616). Edgar Fahs Smith Collection, University of Pennsylvania Library. Sulfuric acid is present in aerosol particles and responsible for most acid deposition problems today.

Additional Discoveries by Priestley During his career, Priestley discovered several additional gases significantly relevant to air pollution. Between 1767 and 1773, while working at Mill Hill Chapel, in Leeds, Yorkshire, he isolated nitric oxide [NO(g), “nitrous air”], nitrogen dioxide [NO2 (g), “red nitrous vapour”], nitrous oxide [N2 O(g), “diminished nitrous air”], hydrochloric acid gas [HCl(g), “marine acid air”], and ammonia [NH3 (g), “alkaline acid air”]. Nitrogen dioxide may have been previously observed by Bernardo Ramazzini (1633–1714), an Italian medical doctor and early pioneer in industrial medicine, and ammonia was previously observed by Van Helmont and Black.

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