By Christian Kennes, Maria C. Veiga
In fresh years, pollution has develop into a huge around the world main issue. Air pollution can impact metabolic task, hamper fit improvement, and express carcinogenic and poisonous houses in people. during the last 20 years, using microbes to take away pollution from infected air streams has turn into a greatly accredited and effective substitute to the classical actual and chemical therapy applied sciences. pollution Prevention and keep an eye on: Bioreactors and Bioenergy focusses on those biotechnological choices taking a look at either the optimization of bioreactors and the improvement of cleanser biofuels.
Structured in 5 elements, the ebook covers:
- Fundamentals and microbiological aspects
- Biofilters, bioscrubbers and different end-of-pipe therapy technologies
- Specific purposes of bioreactors
- Biofuels creation from toxins and renewable assets (including biogas, biohydrogen, biodiesel and bioethanol) and its environmental impacts
- Case reviews of purposes together with biotrickling filtration of waste gases, business bioscrubbers utilized in several industries and biogas upgrading
pollution Prevention and keep watch over: Bioreactors and Bioenergy is the 1st reference paintings to provide a huge review of bioprocesses for the mitigation of pollution. basically meant for researchers and scholars in environmental engineering, biotechnology and utilized microbiology, the publication may also be of curiosity to business and governmental researchers.Content:
Chapter 1 advent to pollution (pages 1–18): Christian Kennes and Maria C. Veiga
Chapter 2 Biodegradation and Bioconversion of risky pollution (pages 19–30): Christian Kennes, Haris N. Abubackar and Maria C. Veiga
Chapter three identity and Characterization of Microbial groups in Bioreactors (pages 31–56): Luc Malhautier, Lea Cabrol, Sandrine Bayle and Jean?Louis Fanlo
Chapter four Biofilters (pages 57–119): Eldon R. Rene, Maria C. Veiga and Christian Kennes
Chapter five Biotrickling Filters (pages 121–138): Christian Kennes and Maria C. Veiga
Chapter 6 Bioscrubbers (pages 139–153): Pierre Le Cloirec and Philippe Humeau
Chapter 7 Membrane Bioreactors (pages 155–183): Raquel Lebrero, Raul Munoz, Amit Kumar and Herman van Langenhove
Chapter eight Two?Phase Partitioning Bioreactors (pages 185–205): Hala Fam and Andrew J. Daugulis
Chapter nine Rotating organic Contactors (pages 207–220): R. Ravi, okay. Sarayu, S. Sandhya and T. Swaminathan
Chapter 10 cutting edge Bioreactors and Two?Stage structures (pages 221–246): Eldon R. Rene, Maria C. Veiga and Christian Kennes
Chapter eleven Bioprocesses for the removing of unstable Sulfur Compounds from fuel Streams (pages 247–274): Albert Janssen, Pim L. F. van den Bosch, Robert C. van Leerdam and Marco de Graaff
Chapter 12 Bioprocesses for the elimination of Nitrogen Oxides (pages 275–291): Yaomin Jin, Lin Guo, Osvaldo D. Frutos, Maria C. Veiga and Christian Kennes
Chapter thirteen Biogas Upgrading (pages 293–318): M. Estefania Lopez, Eldon R. Rene, Maria C. Veiga and Christian Kennes
Chapter 14 Biogas (pages 319–343): Marta Ben, Christian Kennes and Maria C. Veiga
Chapter 15 Biohydrogen (pages 345–381): Bikram okay. Nayak, Soumya Pandit and Debabrata Das
Chapter sixteen Catalytic Biodiesel construction (pages 383–397): Zhenzhong Wen, Xinhai Yu, Shan?Tung Tu and Jinyue Yan
Chapter 17 Microalgal Biodiesel (pages 399–430): Hugo Pereira, Helena M. Amaro, Nadpi G. Katkam, Luisa Barreira, A. Catarina Guedes, Joao Varela and F. Xavier Malcata
Chapter 18 Bioethanol (pages 431–463): Johan W. van Groenestijn, Haris N. Abubackar, Maria C. Veiga and Christian Kennes
Chapter 19 Biotrickling Filtration of Waste Gases from the Viscose (pages 465–484): Andreas Willers, Christian Dressler and Christian Kennes
Chapter 20 Biotrickling Filters for removing of risky natural Compounds from Air within the Coating quarter (pages 485–496): Carlos Lafita, F. Javier Alvarez?Hornos, Carmen Gabaldon, Vicente Martinez?Soria and Josep?Manuel Penya?Roja
Chapter 21 business Bioscrubbers for the nutrients and Waste Industries (pages 497–511): Pierre Le Cloirec and Philippe Humeau
Chapter 22 Desulfurization of Biogas in Biotrickling Filters (pages 513–523): David Gabriel, Marc A. Deshusses and Xavier Gamisans
Chapter 23 Full?Scale Biogas Upgrading (pages 525–544): Jort Langerak, Robert Lems and Erwin H. M. Dirkse
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Additional info for Air Pollution Prevention and Control: Bioreactors and Bioenergy
E. e. carbon tetrachloride), trichloroethylene (TCE), tetrachloroethylene or perchloroethylene (PCE) and chlorobenzenes. Highly halogenated aliphatic hydrocarbons generally degrade faster under anaerobic conditions than molecules with only one or two chlorine atoms. For some pollutants such as perchloroethylene, with four chlorine atoms, it has actually not been possible to prove any aerobic biodegradation so far, while PCE is well biodegraded under anaerobic conditions . Anaerobic biodegradation of chlorinated aliphatic compounds usually follows successive dechlorination steps, with gradual replacement of a chlorine atom by hydrogen.
C. Veiga. Bioreactors for waste gas treatment. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, (2001). 18 Air Pollution Prevention and Control 2. G. Pouliot, T. Pierce, H. Denier van der Gon, M. Schaap, M. Moran, U. Nopmongcol. Comparing emission inventories and model-ready emission datasets between Europe and North America for the AQMEII project. Atmospheric Environment, 53:4–14 (2012). R. Kikuchi. Environmental management of sulphur trioxide emission: impact of SO3 on human health. Environmental Management, 27:837–44 (2001).
4 Conclusions The most common air pollutants are particulate matter, carbon monoxide, ammonia, nitrogen oxides, sulphur oxides, and volatile organic compounds. They are emitted from either stationary sources or mobile sources. Carbon monoxide is, by far, the most abundant air pollutant, and it is mainly released during combustion processes. Bioprocesses are not suitable for dealing with particulate matter pollution, although several other efﬁcient, nonbiological alternatives are available. All other pollutants can be eliminated biologically or through other physical and chemical techniques.