Download Americans All!: Foreign-born Soldiers in World War I by Nancy Gentile Ford PDF

By Nancy Gentile Ford

During the 1st global conflict, approximately part one million immigrant draftees from forty-six diversified international locations served within the U.S. military. This surge of previous global infantrymen challenged the yank military's cultural, linguistic, and non secular traditions and required army leaders to think again their education equipment for the foreign-born troops. How did the U.S. warfare division combine this assorted staff right into a united battling strength? The battle division drew at the reviews of revolutionary social welfare reformers, who labored with immigrants in city payment homes, and so they listened to commercial potency specialists, who attached strive against functionality to morale and team of workers administration. might be most importantly, the army enlisted assistance from ethnic group leaders, who assisted in education, socializing, and Americanizing immigrant troops and who harassed the army to acknowledge and meet the real cultural and spiritual wishes of the ethnic infantrymen. those neighborhood leaders negotiated the Americanization procedure via selling patriotism and loyalty to the us whereas preserving key ethnic cultural traditions. delivering an exhilarating examine an unexplored quarter of army historical past, american citizens All! Foreign-born squaddies in global conflict I constitutes a piece of specific curiosity to students within the fields of army background, sociology, and ethnic reviews. Ford's examine illuminates what it intended for the U.S. army to reexamine early twentieth-century nativism; rather than forcing infantrymen right into a melting pot, struggle division guidelines created an environment that made either American and ethnic delight appropriate. throughout the battle, a German officer commented at the ethnic variety of the yankee military and famous, with a few amazement, that those ''semi-Americans'' thought of themselves to be ''true-born sons in their followed country.'' The officer used to be flawed on one count number. The immigrant squaddies weren't ''semi-Americans''; they have been ''Americans all!''

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Extra info for Americans All!: Foreign-born Soldiers in World War I

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Their “In the Family of One Nation” 17 works tell of immigrants falling victims to harsh Americanization efforts designed to strip them of their native culture and loyalties. Some argue that ethnic displays of loyalty were forced upon immigrants with stinging assimilation policies by reigning nativists. However, for far too long historians have lumped together very different ethnic experiences. Although there is no denying the oppression of immigrants or the power of Americanization during the war, ethnic groups should not be viewed simply as isolated and powerless victims cowering to a barrage of nativist bullets.

S. Selective Service Board and continued to tie the war effort to independence of the homeland. “Thousands of Czech families will soon have to part with their sons. We feel the painful throb in a mother’s heart, . . ”39 By November, , the United States expanded the conflict with Germany by declaring war on that nation’s partner, the Austro-Hungarian Empire. This action also “technically” excluded noncitizen Czechs and Slovaks from serving in the army since they had been born in the empire. Not surprisingly, this brought resentment from the ethnic groups who had long called for the defeat of the Central Powers and had worked diligently for its demise.

The Meaning of America, one of the booklets produced by the CPI, provided instructions and speaking suggestions to the Division of Four-Minute Men, a group of over , volunteers who provided short patriotic speeches to move-theater audiences and social clubs throughout the United States, and included specific information on how to talk to foreign-born groups. It directed speakers to persuade immigrants to speak “the English language . . salute the flag . . cultivate patriotism in [their] children .

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