By Noel Burton-Roberts
This hugely profitable textual content has lengthy been thought of a typical advent to the sensible research of English sentence constitution. As in earlier variants, key techniques reminiscent of constituency, classification and serve as are rigorously defined as they're introduced.
content material: creation 1. Sentence constitution: materials 2. Sentence constitution: services three. Sentence constitution: different types four. the elemental Verb word five. Adverbials and different issues 6. extra on verbs: auxiliary VPs7. The constitution of Noun words eight. Sentences inside Sentences nine. Wh-clauses 10. Non-finite clauses eleven. Languages, sentences and grammars extra ReadingIndex
summary: This hugely winning textual content has lengthy been thought of a customary creation to the sensible research of English sentence constitution. As in earlier variants, key recommendations reminiscent of constituency, class and serve as are rigorously defined as they're brought
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Extra resources for Analysing sentences : an introduction to English syntax
Below are five phrases and four phrase markers. On the basis of your understanding of them, assign each phrase to the appropriate phrase marker. One of the phrase markers is appropriate for two of the phrases. If you have problems, re-read the discussion of the ‘sister’ relation in the chapter. (1) Refurbished citrus fruit markets (2) New central fruit markets (3) Animals from the zoo (4) Gas appliances from Italy (5) Free-range egg packagers (a) (b) (c) (d) 3. Using just ‘phrase’ and ‘word’ (as in Exercise 2 above), draw phrase markers for the following phrases: (a) Students doing chemistry.
It could be replaced by there or somewhere. Furthermore, in the machine is a good answer to the question Where could the gremlin be heard juggling with ball-bearings? Finally, the sequence could be omitted leaving a wellformed sentence. (e) No. There is no question that In the machine the gremlin could possibly be an answer to. Who/What could be heard . . could receive the gremlin as a possible answer; Where could the gremlin be heard . . could receive In the machine. Each of these, then, are phrases.
F) No. Consider the oddity of *Rory put it and *Rory put something. And the oddity of *What did Rory put? ) (g) On one interpretation the sequence is a constituent, cf. Sam managed to touch him and Who did Sam manage to touch? ) On the other interpretation, it is not a single phrase but a sequence of two phrases. Cf. Sam managed to touch him with an umbrella, Who did Sam manage to touch with an umbrella? ) 5. The fact that (b) is a well-formed sentence allows us to infer that every sequence of words omitted from (a) in order to form (b) can be counted as a constituent of (a).