By Diane J. Austin-Broos
The Arrernte humans of relevant Australia first encountered Europeans within the 1860s as teams of explorers, pastoralists, missionaries, and workers invaded their land. in the course of that point the Arrernte have been the topic of extreme interest, and the earliest debts in their lives, ideals, and traditions have been a seminal impression on ecu notions of the primitive. the 1st research to handle the Arrernte’s modern situation, Arrernte current, Arrernte Past additionally records the colossal sociocultural alterations they've got skilled over the last hundred years.
Employing ethnographic and archival examine, Diane Austin-Broos lines the background of the Arrernte as they've got transitioned from a society of hunter-gatherers to individuals of the Hermannsburg venture group to their current, marginalized place within the sleek Australian financial system. whereas she concludes that those wrenching structural shifts ended in the violence that now marks Arrernte groups, she additionally brings to mild the robust acts of mind's eye that experience sustained a continuous feel of Arrernte id.
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Extra info for Arrernte Present, Arrernte Past: Invasion, Violence, and Imagination in Indigenous Central Australia
During the early 1890s, both Aremala and Kwalba worked for Constable W. H. Willshire, whose station was located at Alitera (Boggy Hole) south of Ntaria and north of Irbmankara. Troopers were kept there to stop cattle stealing, and Joyleen’s relatives were among their guides. These men were ritually associated with the Ungwanaka group who were Irbmankara’s custodians and some of whom had run from Willshire’s men. Alitera was known as the site of violent encounters, but Joyleen, like Joyce, steered away from those events.
Limited employment for men at Ntaria and the fact that Tjuwanpa Outstation Resource Centre (TORC) stands across the river, and the Central Land Council (CLC) in Alice Springs, has meant the feminization of a school-shop-clinic-church domain at Ntaria. Joanna’s rendering of the past reflected these conditions. In her account, the “big hole behind two trees” referred to the place 40 ch a pter 1 Figure 2. Carl Strehlow’s church and bell. Photograph by author. for the Hermannsburg church etched out by the falling star.
The atmosphere was one of hope and expectation that, having been pulled into European settlements and subject to assimilation, people were free now to return to country. At least, they were free to return to erstwhile Crown land and land under leases that could lapse or be bought out. A Central Land Council (CLC) was formed to manage the process. As the outstation movement grew, so did support for an elected peak indigenous organization—based in Canberra. The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders Commission (ATSIC), with its network of regional offices, was established in 1989.