By Bernard Baruch
American within the struggle. A document of the struggle industries board
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Additional resources for American Industry in the War: A Report of the War Industries Board
Shortages showed themselves in one commodity after another and the clearance list increased week by week. The function of deciding on the relative merits of tv;o or more conflicting agencies who wanted delivery of the same thing and of ruling on which should be preferred in cases Avhere all could not be served, in other words, the priority function, presented increasing difficulties of 1917 a and appeared new agency, as increasingly important. In the summer the priorities committee, was formed to take over this function, which later, as we shall see.
Licensing system for civilian as well as Government purchases was used in several in^ultablc source of supply. A dustries, as will be observed in connection with the work of the commodity sections discussed in Part II of this book. That much of the confusion experienced in collecting the supplies for this war could have been avoided by a more painstaking[ thorough, and comprehensive effort on the part of the Government supply bureaus to work out a program of requirements, even a program tentative in many of its details, there is little doubt.
Baktjch I am writing to asli if you will not accept appointuu-nt as Cliairnian of the War Industries Board, and I am going to talce the Ubt-rty at the same time of outlining the functions, the constitution and action : of the The ^ Board as I think they should now l)e established. functions- of the Bo;ird should he The creation of new facilities and the disclosing, if necessary, the opennew or additional sources of supply ©I The conversion of existing facilities, where necessary, to new uses The studious conservation of resources and facilities by si'ientilic, com- ing up of ^ and industrial economies; Advice to the several purchasing agencies of the Gcvernnient with regai'd to the prices to be paid; (^ The determination, wherever necessary, of priorities of pro(hiction and (if delivery and of the proportions of any given article to be made immediately accessible to.