Download Ant-plant interactions in Australia by Elizabeth A. Davison (auth.), Ralf C. Buckley (eds.) PDF

By Elizabeth A. Davison (auth.), Ralf C. Buckley (eds.)

Early study on ant-plant interactions in Australia was once principally restrained to the economically very important challenge of ants harvesting surface-sown pasture seed (e. g. Campbell 1966). The record through Berg (1975) of frequent myrmecochory in Australia, and a burst of in another country examine, encouraged study on various ant-plant interactions in Australia. This publication summarizes such examine and provides reeent and present paintings on seed harvesting, myrmecochory, ant-epiphytes, extrafloral nectaries, ant-plant-homopteran platforms, and the effect of crops on ant faunas. i'm hoping that it'll inspire extra paintings in those and comparable parts, and that the evaluate and bibliography of ant-plant interactions within the leisure ofthe international will function an invaluable resource for these getting into the sphere. The richness of Australia's vegetation and ant fauna render it a very fascinating continent for the examine of interactions among them. As instantly obvious from the checklist of contents, ant-seed interactions are rather major in Australia. this isn't outstanding for a comparatively dry continent bearing a mostly sc1erophyllous plant conceal. destiny study, even though, specifically within the tropical north, is like1y to bare extra forms of interplay, possibly resembling these attribute of the tropics in different places, or maybe distinctively Australian. a number of the chapters were shortened and converted significantly from the unique manuscripts, however the rules and effects provided are, after all, these of the person authors.

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For eaeh speeies it is indieated whether its distribution favours the mallee (M) or the heath (H). Results of ehi-square analyses. 8) show no differences in texture or particle size between the soils of the two sites. Soil suitability for nest construction therefore does not contribute to any differences between the ant faunas of the two sites. Ant faunas The ants of the two sites were described from the results of pitfall traps and hand collections. Thirty pitfall traps (plastic drinking cups containing an ethanol-glycerol mixture, buried with their rims flush to the soil surface) were arranged systematically at each site (Fig.

Harper, J. L. , 1970. The dynamics of plant populations. Proc. Adv. Study I nst. Dynamics Numbers Popul. (Oosterbeek, 1970): 41~63. , 1960. Studies on the ecological distribution of ants in Sapporo and its vicinity. Insectes Soc. 7: 125~162. McGowan, A. A, 1969. Effect of seed-harvesting ants on the persistence of Wimmera rye-grass in northeastern Victoria. Exp. Agric. Anim. Husb. 9: 37~40. Moore, C. W. , 1953. The vegetation of the south-eastern Riverina, New South Wales, 2. The disclimax communities.

1979. An experimental study of competiticon between seed-eating desert rodents and ants. Am. Zool. 19: 1129~1143. Brown, W. L. & Taylor, R. , 1970. Hymenoptera: superfamily Formicoidea. In: CSIRO, The Insects of Australia, 951~959. Melbourne University Press, Melbourne. Campbell, M. , 1966. Theft by harvesting ants of pasture seed broadcast on unploughed land. Exp. Agric. Anim. Husb. 6: 334~338. Davidson, D. , 1977. Species diversity and community organization in desert seed-eating ants. Ecology 58: 711 ~ 724.

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