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By Galen; R. J. Hankinson (transl.)

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1) the first t w o b o o k s are i n t r o d u c t o r y and methodological i n character (indeed, the i n t r o d u c t i o n reaQy continues u n t i l t h e e n d o f B o o k I I I , C h a p t e r 3, M M x . 1 8 6 — b u t . t h e nature o f t h e i n t r o d u c t i o n becomes m o r e specificaUy m e d i c a l i n character i n t h e t h i r d b o o k , w h i c h justifies t h e decision t o e n d this study at the e n d o f B o o k I I ) ; (2) B o o k s I I I — V I deal w i t h t h e types ofiUness c o m m o n t o b o t h u n i f o r m ( h o m o i o m e r o u s ) a n d n o n - u n i f o r m parts o f t h e b o d y (for these distinctions, see I I .

2. 4 7 2. з W h o , t h e n , w i U be y o u r j u d g e ? Plato, i f y o u l i k e , since at least y o u have n o t dared to attack h i m . I w o u l d n ' t o v e r l o o k his pupUs e i t h e r , Speusippus a n d Xenocrates. F u r t h e r , I w o u l d urge y o u t o let A r i s t o t l e sit o n the b e n c h t o o , and Theophrastus along w i t h h i m . A n d I w o u l d b e g y o u choose as judges Z e n o , Chrysippus, and aU t h e i r foUowers. [χ. ю к ] None o f these, m y insolent f r i e n d , c o n d e m n e d H i p p o c r a t e s ' v i e w s o n the nature o f m a n , w h i c h y o u d o n ' t e v e n seem t o have read, o r at any rate i f y o u have t o have u n d e r s t o o d .

Chrysippus and his foUowers t o o k i t over readymade, and d i d n o t i n d u l g e i n futile strife, b u t say that e v e r y t h i n g is b l e n d e d f r o m these things, and that t h e y act and react u p o n each other, and that nature is c o n s t r u c t i v e ; and they accept aU the o t h e r T H i p p o c r a t i c doctrines, except i n one smaU m a t t e r i n w h i c h t h e y differ f r o m A r i s t o t l e . 2. 11 B o t h o f t h e m accept that H i p p o c r a t e s was right t o say that the w h o l e b o d y breathed and f l o w e d i n concert, and that aU the parts ofanimals w e r e i n sympathy; they differ i n that, w h i l e A r i s t o t l e h e l d that q u a l i t i e s a l o n e r u n t o g e t h e r and are m i x e d i n every w a y , the Stoics insist that n o t o n l y these, b u t the actual substances themselves d o so.

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